Most local authorities collect garden waste and household garbage for digestion operations and large scale composting. Well, if you can compost at home you have the benefit of reducing transportation costs of rubbish removal London and skip hire services increasing the output of your soil by making a kitchen garden.
Advantages of composting at home
Home composting is beneficial in that it diverts uncooked vegetables and fruit from disposal and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. It also provides gardeners with organic soil improver.
It is a simple thing to do. You do not need much.
What is home composting
It is a natural way of decomposing kitchen waste to use as a garden improver. It is a straight forward and less expensive process that takes little time to do. It can be done in an open-bottomed container. These bins can store soft garden waste such as cardboard, paper some food waste like vegetable peelings and fruit. On the other hand, small digesters, wormeries, and bokashi can deal particularly with food waste.
Most people don’t try out home composting because they think it is a hard thing to do. The question of worms, space issues, bugs, and odor make this process seem more complicated than it actually is. If you feel that this is something worth trying out you can follow the steps below:
- Know the type of composting you want.
Despite the fact that the best place to begin is outdoors like the terrace, balcony, or roof you can start right in the kitchen if you have limited space. You can start in the sink or the table.
- Begin waste segregation
Start separating your kitchen waste like leftover food, vegetable, and fruit peels in a container or a skip bag. Take another container for putting dry waste like paper, sawdust packaging material, and other relevant items. You should cover both containers to prevent worms, flies, and bugs. You can compost the stuff listed below:
- Fruit and vegetable leftovers
- Coffee filter paper and tea bags
- Grass and plant clippings
- Wood chips
- Dry leaves
- Wood shavings and sawdust
- Shredded paper
- Toilet and kitchen roll tubes
- Hay and straw.
Also, you need to check out these items that you can’t compost: colored paper, ashes, lemon, citrus, and orange peels leftover bones or meat, toxic, and no biodegradable items.
- Make your composting bin
Take a big or small container depending on your requirement. Drill some holes around the container to allow for air circulation. Layer the bottom of the container with soil. Put a piece of paper at the bottom of the container to allow space for spills. If you do not know the type of container to have you can take a garden pot, a dustbin, a bucket, or any other item that you think will work.
The depth of the bottom soil layer will vary with the size of the container. For a big bin, the layer of the soil should be around 4 inches.
- Begin composting
Add food waste into the bin. Add food in layers mixing with wet waste. Maintaining the balance of wet waste with dry waste is very important, upon adding food and vegetable leftovers add some shredded newspaper. Add one cup of food waste and add another cup of dry waste like dry leaves, newspaper carp, and sawdust. Then you should mix the compost with a scoop of new soil every week.
Make sure that your bin is well covered. If it starts to smell it means there is an imbalance in the mixture. You can also add extra holes or more dry waste.
In conclusion, recycling segregating and composting has been known to reduce homestead waste of a family of 4 from 1000kg to 100kg every year. If you multiply this by our population you can see the significant difference it can make. Home composting reduces wastage and as a result, the garbage is diverted from landfills.
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